Ketogenic Diet and Beta-Hydroxybutyrate in Colorectal Cancer (DNA and Cell Biology)

 Ketogenic Diet and Beta-Hydroxybutyrate in Colorectal Cancer

Colorectal cancer (CRC) is one of the leading causes of cancer-related death in the United States. Although certain genetic predispositions may contribute to one’s risk for developing CRC, dietary and lifestyle factors may play an important role as well. In a recent study in Nature, Dmitrieva-Posocco et al, reveal a potential protective role of the ketogenic diet in colorectal cancer growth and progression. Administration of a ketogenic diet to CRC-bearing mice demonstrated a tumor-suppressive effect. Specifically, the ketone body β-hydroxybutyrate (BHB) exhibited the ability to suppress epithelial cell proliferation and inhibit tumor growth. BHB acts on cancer cells through regulation of homeodomain-only protein Hopx, known regulator of CRC. Furthermore, BHB requires a surface receptor Hcar to induce Hopx expression and suppress proliferation of intestinal epithelial cells. Taken together, these results describe a new therapeutic approach of using dietary intervention for the prevention and treatment of colorectal cancer.


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